This article applies to Windows 10 Desktop editions and Windows Server 2016.
Windows Preinstallation Environment or WinPE is a minimal Windows operating system that can be used to boot a computer for installing or repairing Windows, apply a disk image from a network location or for troubleshooting and for data recovery purposes. Windows PE can be installed on a USB flash drive, external USB hard drive, CD/DVD, ISO or it can be added as a boot image on Windows Deployment Services for network based installations.
To create the WinPE bootable media, download the Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit (Windows ADK) for Windows 10 from this link here
Run the setup and select the following features during install:
- Deployment Tools
- Windows Preinstallation Enviroment(Windows PE)
Once the installation is completed start the Deployment and Imaging Tools Environment.
In the Search box, type Deployment and Imaging. Then Right-click on Deployment and Imaging Tools Environment and then select Run as administrator.
You can create 64-bit and 32-bit version Windows PE.
The 64-bit version of Windows PE can boot 64-bit UEFI and BIOS PCs. TO create 64-bit Windows PE, Run
copype amd64 C:\WinPE_amd64
The 32-bit version of Windows PE can boot 32-bit UEFI and BIOS PCs, and 64-bit BIOS PCs.
copype x86 C:\WinPE_x86
where C:WinPE_amd64 is an empty folder where the files for Windows PE will be copied.
To create a bootable USB flash drive with drive letter E:
MakeWinPEMedia /UFD C:\WinPE_amd64 E:
To create an ISO file containing Windows PE files, run the command
MakeWinPEMedia /ISO C:\WinPE_amd64 C:\WinPE_amd64\WinPE_amd64.iso
You can then burn the ISO file to a CD or DVD.
Boot PC to Windows PE
1. Power on the PC you want to use Windows PE and plug the USB flash drive or insert he CD/DVD that you have created.
2. Press, F12, F2, Esc or other key to bring up the boot menu and select the drive that contains your Windows PE image.
3. It will take a few minutes for Windows PE to load and setup the system by running wpeinit command.
Windows PE installation runs directly from RAM disk (memory), so you can safely unplug the USB drive while it is running.